Both plants and animals can be introduced around the world by humans either deliberately or accidentally. This can occur for a number of reasons:
Ornamental/decoration - Many plants are introduced for use in gardens, such as Himalayan balsam and floating pennywort.
Fishing – The introduction of new fish and aquaculture species such as top mouth gudgeon and the zebra mussel have been causing problems in European freshwater habitats
Game and hunting – American mink were introduced toEurope to be farmed for their fur. Now escaped wild populations are pushing native species (such as the water vole) towards extinction
Biological control - In order to control non-native invasive species, sometimes natural enemies from their home range (such as beetles or fungi) must be introduced
Pets – The trade of exotic birds such as the ring-necked parakeet resulted in feral populations establishing in majorUK cities.
Human activity is the most common pathway of invasion and spread for a variety of taxa, therefore the problem of invasive species can be tackled by raising awareness within the general public - the aim of Work Package Two of the RINSE Project.
Q Bank - An online library of plant pests from a variety of taxa which was expanded by RINSE to include 50 invasive plants.
Farming and Invasive Species - Two detailed presentations on the control and management of six invasive non-native species commonly found on farmland.
Leaflets and Posters - RINSE created a series of informative leaflets and posters on the impacts of invasive non-native species. These materials are important tools for raising awareness across the wider community.
That's Invasive! - A smartphone app which allows users to identify, photograph and submit sightings of 35 invasive non-native species, available in Dutch, English and French.
Training Workshops - RINSE partners organised local events to promote biosecurity messages to targeted audiences including road maintenance workers, highways managers and anglers.
Best Practice Workshops - RINSE project Partners hosted three Best Practice Workshops to share expert knowledge on the control of INS including: Invasive Mammals and Geese (3 & 4 July, 2013, Ghent, Belgium), Invasive Aquatic Plants (17 & 18 October 2013, Norwich, UK) and Catchment Approach in the Management of INS (April, Northern France).
The Activity Report for Work Package 2 is available here